What are the physical and chemical properties of sodium nitrate?
What is potassium nitrate used in?
Potassium Nitrate is a transparent, white or colorless, crystalline (sand-like) powder or solid with a sharp, salty taste. It is used to make explosives, matches, fertilizer, fireworks, glass and rocket fuel. * Potassium Nitrate is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by DOT.
What do you meant by chemical formula?
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
What does saltpeter do to a woman?
“Saltpetre,” (the term refers either to potassium or sodium nitrate) has no effect on carnal urges. The story that this chemical was put into soldiers' food to decrease their sex drive is a total myth. The second part of the question is easy to answer.Mar 20, 2017
What is the difference between potassium nitrate and sodium nitrate?
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3. and molecular mass of 84.9947 g/mol. This salt, also known as "Chile saltpeter" (to distinguish it from ordinary saltpeter, potassium nitrate), is a white solid which is very soluble in water.
Why Potassium nitrate is called Indian saltpetre?
Hint: Potassium nitrate is called the Indian saltpeter because it is one of the most important nitrogen containing compounds that is used as a crude salt in India. ... It is an ionic salt of potassium ion and nitrate ion.
What are the hazards of potassium nitrate?
- Fire. While potassium nitrate itself is not combustible,it is considered to be a strong oxidizer,meaning that it releases oxygen when it breaks down,or decomposes.
- Explosion. ...
- Health Risks. ...
What are the health benefits of potassium nitrate?
- Lowers Blood Pressure. Potassium plays an important role in controlling blood pressure,according to the American Heart Association.
- Prevents Kidney Stones. Potassium citrate is used to prevent certain types of kidney stones. ...
- Stroke. The biggest causal factor for strokes is high blood pressure. ...
- Osteoporosis. ...
What are the side effects of potassium nitrate?
- Upset stomach
Is potassium nitrate harmful to humans?
- Potassium nitrate can pose a number of health risks. When inhaled, it may cause respiratory problems, including coughing and shortness of breath. Skin or eye contact may result in irritation such as redness, itching and pain.
What are the physical properties of potassium nitrate?What are the physical properties of potassium nitrate?
Properties. Potassium nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which transforms to a trigonal system at 129 °C (264 °F). Potassium nitrate is moderately soluble in water, but its solubility increases with temperature. The aqueous solution is almost neutral, exhibiting pH 6.2 at 14 °C...
What will happen if you mix potassium nitrate with phosphorus?What will happen if you mix potassium nitrate with phosphorus?
POTASSIUM NITRATE mixed with alkyl esters may explode, owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates; mixtures with phosphorus, tin (II) chloride, or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979. p. 108-109]. Powdered antimony mixed with potassium nitrate explodes when heated [Mellor 9:282 1946-47].
What is potassium nitrate used for in fertilizer?What is potassium nitrate used for in fertilizer?
Potassium nitrate is used in fertilizers as a source of nitrogen and potassium – two of the macronutrients for plants.
How do you make potassium nitrate from potassium hydroxide?How do you make potassium nitrate from potassium hydroxide?
Synthesis of Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) Potassium nitrate is a salt. It is prepared by neutralizing an acid. When potassium hydroxide neutralizes nitric acid potassium nitrate is formed. KOH + HNO3 → KNO3 + H2O. Neutralizing nitric acid always makes “nitrate” salts. Other acids make other types of salts.