What is the function of the superior temporal sulcus?

The superior temporal

superior temporal
The superior temporal gyrus (STG) is involved in auditory processing, including language, but also has been implicated as a critical structure in social cognition. › ...
sulcus (STS) is the chameleon of the human brain. Several research areas claim the STS as the host brain region for their particular behavior of interest. Some see it as one of the core structures for theory of mind. For others, it is the main region for audiovisual integration.

What does the middle temporal sulcus do?

The middle temporal gyrus and inferior temporal gyrus subserve language and semantic memory processing, visual perception, and multimodal sensory integration. Functional deficits in these cognitive processes have been well documented in patients with schizophrenia.

What is inferior temporal sulcus?

The inferior temporal sulcus runs longitudinally along the inferolateral surface of the temporal lobe, parallel to the superior temporal sulcus above. It separates the middle temporal gyrus from the inferior temporal gyrus below.Apr 21, 2017

Where is the pSTS in the brain?

Intriguingly, a single brain region – the right side of the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) – was the only part of the brain that could differentiate between interactive and non-interactive videos.Mar 20, 2018

Why is the temporal lobe important?

The temporal lobes are also believed to play an important role in processing affect/emotions, language, and certain aspects of visual perception. The dominant temporal lobe, which is the left side in most people, is involved in understanding language and learning and remembering verbal information.Jan 22, 2021

What is the superior temporal cortex?

The superior temporal gyrus contains the auditory cortex, which is responsible for processing sounds. ... The superior temporal gyrus is involved in auditory processing, including language, but also has been implicated as a critical structure in social cognition.

What is a brain sulcus?

A sulcus (plural: sulci) is another name for a groove in the cerebral cortex. Each gyrus is surrounded by sulci and together, the gyri and sulci help to increase the surface area of the cerebral cortex and form brain divisions. ... The primary sulci (e.g. the central sulcus) are formed independently before birth.Jun 9, 2021

What is the MTG in the brain?

Middle temporal gyrus is a gyrus in the brain on the temporal lobe. It is located between the superior temporal gyrus and inferior temporal gyrus.

What is the hippocampus?

Hippocampus is a complex brain structure embedded deep into temporal lobe. It has a major role in learning and memory. It is a plastic and vulnerable structure that gets damaged by a variety of stimuli. Studies have shown that it also gets affected in a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders.

What is medial temporal lobe?

The medial temporal lobe (MTL) includes the hippocampus, amygdala and parahippocampal regions, and is crucial for episodic and spatial memory. ... The theta rhythm is believed to be crucial in the encoding and retrieval of memories.Apr 6, 2017

image-What is the function of the superior temporal sulcus?
image-What is the function of the superior temporal sulcus?

Where is the superior temporal sulcus?

The superior temporal sulcus runs longitudinally along the lateral surface of the temporal lobe, parallel to the Sylvian fissure above and the inferior temporal sulcus below. It separates the superior temporal gyrus from the middle temporal gyrus. Posteriorly it is capped by the angular gyrus.


What is happening in the inferior temporal cortex?

This region of the brain corresponds to the inferior temporal cortex and is responsible for visual object recognition and receives processed visual information.


Is there a middle temporal sulcus?

The term middle temporal sulcus refers to the central of three short sulci on the ventrolateral surface of the temporal lobe of the macaque. It is identified by gross observation. ... The middle sulcus is topologically equivalent to the central part of the inferior temporal sulcus of the human ( Ono-1990 ).


Is Wernicke's area only on the left?

The Wernicke area is located in the posterior third of the upper temporal convolution of the left hemisphere of the brain. ... Damage to either the Broca area or the Wernicke area in the left hemisphere of the brain can result in specific speech and language problems.


What is central sulcus?

The central sulcus (the sulcus of Rolando) forms the boundary between the frontal and the parietal lobes on the lateral and medial surfaces of the cerebral hemispheres (Figs. ... The subcentral gyrus may lie within the lateral fissure, giving the impression that the central sulcus joins the lateral fissure.


What region is superior to the lateral sulcus?

  • The lateral sulcus (Sylvian fissure) separates the frontal lobe (superior) from the temporal lobe (inferior). The insula lobe is located in depth of the lateral sulcus and is covered by the cortex from the frontal lobe, temporal and parietal (operculum)


What area is posterior to the central sulcus?

  • Immediately posterior to the central sulcus, and the most anterior part of the parietal lobe, is the postcentral gyrus (Brodmann area 3), the primary somatosensory cortical area. Separating this from the posterior parietal cortex is the postcentral sulcus.


What is the main function of the central sulcus?

  • Central sulcus Function. Its primary function is to separate the parietal lobe of the cerebral cortex from the frontal lobe. The parietal lobe also referred to as the Parietal cortex, is the section of the cerebral cortex in either brain hemisphere that is situated under the crown of the head.


What is the area anterior to the central sulcus?

  • In the mid-region of lateral cortex is a vertical elongated groove that is called the central sulcus. And in the anterior of the central sulcus, you find the frontal lobe, while in the posterior, you find the parietal lobe.

Share this Post: